Reform of Environmental Tax and the Collaborative Governance of Haze
- Available Online: 2018-10-01
Abstract: Environmental protection tax is a great tool for controlling pollution such as haze. However, the latest environmental taxs’ plan announced in 2018 has been questioned as to whether it can effectively promote local haze pollution control and inter-regional collaborative governance. For this reason, the paper measures the marginal cost of smog control by estimating the shadow prices of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and smoke dust, which are the main sources of haze, in order to analyze the problems and optimization directions of environmental taxation reform in China. The study found that the shadow price of air pollution emissions in China has continued to increase substantially since 2005, so that the environmental protection tax standard can’t be simply " tax-tax shift” and a stage-by-stage upgrade mechanism should be established.Among them, the nitrogen oxides’ environmental protection tax is relative to sulfur dioxide and Dust and dust are extremely low.And as a focus of future emission reductions, there should be substantial adjustments.